Coriander (Coriandrum sativum), commonly known as Cilantro or Dhania, is a powerful herb with many health benefits. This plant is rich in micronutrients and nutritional elements. It contains dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals like calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium. Aside from being used in cooking, coriander leaves and seeds strengthen the stomach, reduce fever and lower cholesterol levels.
Its medicinal proprieties have been documented in Sanskrit and Greek writings. Hippocrates used this powerful herb for its health benefits. In some parts of Europe, cilantro has been referred to as an "anti-diabetic" plant because its seeds have hypoglycemic effects. In India, coriander is very popular for its anti-inflammatory proprieties. The seeds of this plant were found in the tomb of Ramses II. Individuals who suffer from diabetes, as well as those with high cholesterol levels can benefit from using this herbal remedy. Coriander may also be used in treating muscle pain, headaches and stiffness.
This herb is an excellent source of iron, phytonutrients and flavonoids. It protects the body against urinary tract infections, prevents nausea, lowers blood sugar levels and aids in digestion. Coriander juice is beneficial in treating dysentery, colitis, indigestion and hepatitis. When mixed with pinch of turmeric powder, it serves as a powerful remedy against blackheads and pimples.
Recent studies have shown that coriander can be successfully used in treating anxiety, depression and panic attacks due to its anxiolytic and sedative effects. This plant contains linalol, an essential oil that can help detoxify the liver and increase the appetite. Coriander also has blood thinning proprieties. Its seeds can be used to prepare medical teas to treat indigestion.
Dry coriander is highly effective in treating diarrhea. Boiled coriander seeds are beneficial for women who suffer from heavy menstrual flow and hormonal mood swings. Coriander contains powerful antioxidants that protect the body from the damage caused by free radicals. Fresh coriander leaves are a rich source of carotenoids. It has been shown that 125 ml of fresh coriander leaf juice contain almost as much beta-carotene as 250 ml of broccoli juice. Coriander seeds do not contain this compound.
Scientists have proved that the antibacterial properties of this plant can be used to improve oral health. The essential oil in coriander is believed to stimulate creativity, optimism and imagination. As an infusion, this herbal remedy has been used for digestive problems, diarrhea and anorexia. Recent studies have shown that coriander can cause a mild euphoria. Due to its analgesic proprieties, coriander leaves may help in treating arthritis. This herb is also mentioned as a powerful aphrodisiac in The Tales of the Arabian Nights.
Coriander fruits are anthelmintic, fungicide and bactericide. They reduce digestive spasms and alleviate abdominal pain. The fruits are rich in amino acids, fatty acids and proteic substances. Some of these acids are very effective in reducing cholesterol levels in the body. Fresh dried coriander has beneficial effects for people with conjunctivitis. This herbal remedy contains citronelol, which is a powerful antiseptic. The antioxidant and antifungal proprieties of coriander are ideal for treating skin dryness, eczema and other skin disorders. The presence of iron and vitamin C strengthens the immune system and relieves pain.
The antimicrobial substances in coriander help prevent and cure small pox. Because of its heating and analgesic effect, this plant is used to treat pain in bones and rheumatism. The high content of bioflavonoids from the leaves helps in treating varices and hemorrhoids. People concerned with heart health may benefit from using coriander because this herbal remedy reduces hypertension by lowering blood pressure. Coriander not only freshens breath, but it can help cure ulcers and sores in the mouth. It also reduces the accumulation of heavy metals in the body, which helps in preventing Alzheimer’s disease and memory loss. Researchers indicated that this plant may have sedative and muscle relaxant effects. A study on mice found that coriander had insulin-like activity. One of the most notable proprieties of this plant is related to its ability to fight against Salmonella, a bacterium that can trigger potentially life-threatening food poisoning.
Mixing coriander seeds with milk and honey is an excellent way to reduce fever. This medicinal can also help in diarrhea and flatulence. During summer, cilantro has a cooling effect. For individuals suffering from conjunctivitis, it reduces eye burn and irritation. Coriander has a number of health benefits, possessing anxiolytic, antibacterial and digestive proprieties.