Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) are in the Walnut family. "Pecan" is from an Algonquian word meaning a nut requiring a stone to crack.
Pecan trees mostly thrive in the south central parts of North America, and they are also common in the states of Illinois, Kentucky, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Texas.
The pecan tree, like the oak tree, seems to defy the rules of nature. It is a large deciduous tree which produces nuts no larger than the size of an apple. The tree also grows to a maximum height of about 50m, and a maximum spread of roughly 20m.
While we may call the pecan a nut, it is actually a drupe. Drupes are basically fruits with only one pit and they are surrounded by husks. We eat the seeds of the pecan which have a distinct buttery taste.
Recent studies have found out that pecans have the ability to help in boosting your immune system and that they are also good at fighting cancer and heart disease.
Reasons to make pecans part of your diet:
Pecans have a rich source of energy because of their high protein content. They are packed with 9.17g of proteins for every 100g, and they also give you a total energy of 2800kJ per 100g. Besides proteins, pecans also have vitamins, antioxidants and health benefiting nutrients which are essential for the body.
While prescription drugs can come in handy when your blood pressure is overly high, most of them have some side effects. Pecans, on the other hand, are nature’s way of lowering blood pressure with absolutely no side effects. Just by eating 4 to 5 servings of pecans in one week can significantly reduce your blood pressure.
Contrary to what most of us think about nuts, they actually tend to decrease body fat instead of increasing it. Clinical studies have shown that eating pecans reduces one’s weight. They are thus an excellent choice for those who are restricted to low-carb diets.
Pecans and olives share one thing in common, and this is oleic acid. Research has shown that oleic acid has the ability to suppress gene activity in cells which are believed to offset breast cancer. Interestingly, a one-ounce serving of pecans has 25% more oleic acid than the amount you would get from a tablespoon serving of olive oil.
Here is a list of some of the nutrients that are present in pecans as well as their RDA (Recommended Daily Allowance) percentages.
Pecans may be consumed raw just like most other nuts. Here are a few other ways to enjoy them:
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